This week, Dr. Bryan Hayes – Clinical Pharmacologist and expert in Toxicology gives an amazing talk highlighting 10 of his top tips for antimicrobial use in the emergency department & for the critically ill patient. This is probably one of the most clinically useful lectures I’ve listened to in a long time. Bryan has actually started his own campaign to make sure we are all using Vanc right in 2014 – he even made it a New Years Resolution of his own (Check out his post on Academic Life in EM)
- How to correctly give a dose of vancomycin
- Dose: 15-20 mg/kg every 8-12 hours in patients with normal renal function, MAX: 2 grams
- Consider an even higher loading dose In seriously ill patients (e.g. sepsis, meningitis, infective endocarditis) with suspected MRSA infection: 25-30 mg/kg — again, MAX 2 grams (ISDA recommendation).
- Weight based dosing by using actual body weight
- In adults, we round to the nearest 250 mg increment (to help out your friendly pharmacist)
- In the critically ill obese patient, aminoglycosides should be dosed by adjusted body-weight
- ABW = Ideal BW + 0.4*(Actual BW – Ideal BW)
- A Penicillin allergy is NOT a contraindication to cephalosporin use!
- 3rd, 4th, & 5th Generation cephalosporins can be safely given to PCN allergic patients.
- Avoid keflex, cefaclor, cefadroxil, cefprozil as their beta lactam side chain is similar to PCN.
- Carbapenems are also safe in PCN allergic patients
- HCAP “double coverage” should include only 1 beta-lactam antimicrobial, the 2nd agent should have a different mechanism of action (i.e. fluoroquinolone, etc.)
- Don’t forget the atypical coverage in HCAP patients! Send the urine legionella antigen.
- CAP patients admitted to the ICU should not be treated with a fluoroquinolone alone. Add the beta-lactam.
Thanks Bryan – we’ll make sure to get it right in 2014.
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